How to start patenting your idea

If you have started your engineering study, it is nature that many new ideas will flow through your mind. Like some children in childhood itself do lot of such creativity and ideas by using whatever the objects and toys they get in the hand.

Many engineering and technology solution companies are very good in R& D. But they fail to create or convert that research into an asset. Namely an IP asset.

Yes, a movable and unaccounted asset called Intellectual priperty.

As one of the American scholar, a Patent Attorney in USPTO said to the Indian Audience, to grow business in the country, create a business culture first.

Without such a culture nothing is going to work out in reality. Free industrial policies, free mentorship, removing unwanted documentation procedures, technology assistance, finance, creating markets and quick approvals are the need of the hour, a word “Super Power” will have to be in practical not just oral.

Exactly, even the large companies like top 500 in India hardly have any technology assistance from the government, providing subsidies to Patentable technologies and systems or not even a liberal or full fledged IP administrative and legislative departments.

Hardly do they have targets to add number of patents to their name as an Inventor or to the nation’s property.

Many top companies in India spend lot in R & D but hardly created an atmosphere to internal IP counsel and Corpus of Intellectual Property assets.

Well, why only companies, even individuals with research knowledge hardly have any attitude or an idea about patent and power of patents

Except, few institutes like IIT and few other engineering colleges, students and scholars hardly have a system, or a one stop window to leverage the intellectual knowledge into intellectual property, adding value to the knowledge as Inventors

Ok, but where and how do we start this culture?

Students, researchers, scholars, engineers and companies need to target at least one patent in their title, own name

It is not easy, as there are many many millions of patents already patented worldwide, it is a guess that hardly any idea is left over. But, Not a problem, every new patent is just one new step of the existing patent, we call it as prior art.

So, millions of such patents do really have potential to add any more million of patents, patents of design, system and process.

Read patents databases like USPTO, EP, Indian Patent Office to read existing patents on your subject.

Find an advanced and alternative concepts with new claims to own your new patent.

The Idea shall be novel, prior art, non obvious and usefulness.

You must start with local parent office and then also register your patent with other important countries, where you find there will be potential for your patent.

To start, you need few basic information in a standard format, the IP office call it Invention Disclosure Form.

Once you start creating this document on your idea, you will get a clear picture of what is your idea is and is it patentable!!!

Please answer to these questions, you shall soon become a patent owner.

You wont really know, it is not going to surprise you that the patent you own will or can one day fetch millions of money appreciation, if not worth zero value too!

For patent filing, patent litigation, technology opinion, prior art search, claim drafting, you may write for guidance on such services 8939577537

Invention Disclosure form
1) Full name, address, and Telephone number if each person who conceived the invention

2) general subject matter and purpose of the invention, including an explanation of the problems to be solved and the deficiencies in the existing technology.

3) A description of the invention, including, if available:

A) Drawings, Photographs, Charts, Test Results, etc.

B) identification of each novel feature

C) an explanation of how the novel features provide advantages over the existing technology

D) A description i any presently contemplated modifications, alterations, improvements, or extensions of the invention

4) A description of the closest known prior art ( attach copies o prior art documents if available):
Attach additional, consecutively numbered pages as needed, each having the signatures of the inventors and witness as indicated below.

Inventor sign & date

Read and Understood by Witness & Date

iPhone duplicate glass replacements, multiple times

iphone 4 broken LCDI have been using the US non-contract, carrier locked at&t iphone purchased at 780 USD was working fine till 2104. As blogged earlier I did a official unlock of my iPhone at Since then, had no problems in updating OS. iTunes Sync. In span of 3 years, this iPhone fell on the floor at least dozen times from 5 ft height and on rough the cement floor, rolled multiple times, luckily it never broke. Except, there was a crack on the back glass panel. In February 2014, it fell down from my bed from about 1 ft height,  LCD facing the tile floor Simpolo make tiles. Damaaarrrrr…front glass broken. My heart broken. :(.

I have been using this iPhone nude, gives more pleasure and comfort than using back covers and bumpers.But, now only i understood,  not using protective iPhone cases can break your heart. I was still using the broken iPhone for 4 weeks tape applied. I approached few apple service centers in Chennai, but they refused to service the broken glass as this phone was purchased in US. I had no option to replace with duplicate  glass, since there are no original quality iPhone LCD assembly available in India, in Chennai, I decided to visit rich street in Chennai.

My day was bad, I saw service centre called Bismi Mobile service in the Richy street, though the guys sounded like expert, they said replacement including LCD assembly, back cover, home button would cost INR2400. But, I was made a scape goat, my iPhone got into the wrong hands. These idiots took 5 hours to repair my iPhone, it seemed they had some problem with LCD assemblies. Atlast, the LCD assembly supplier came and gave the new one, somehow they fixed the LCD. But, the phone was not reassembled properly. idiot service engineers did not even put the mother board screws, battery connector screw, the plastic cover above audio connectors was not put. When I came to house, there was no audio and found the iPhone was not screwed. I got so frustrated and dissatisfied with the service engineer idiot..rafiq.

I thought it is no more good to take the phone to Rich street, I ordered for a new screw set also a new back panel, new one broke the next days itself. After a week of use, I was holding the iPhone 4 in tight jeans pant. When I was trying to board into my car, I heard a patak sound…ha ha..I realized iPhone LCD new assembly again broken. I ordered another LCD assembly and replaced myself through ebay from Jalandhar.

The quality of duplicate iPhone LCD assemblies are so inferior quality that the 2nd LCD assembly also broke down within 1 week. When I enquired again about the original LCD assembly, no luck, however a shop name called Radio Vision name was referred in the Richi Street again.. Oh no… Ever take a phone to service at Richie street unless you know some friends, else you would be made a fool by like Bismi Phone service fellows, unethical and crooks.

When I visited Richie street the 2nd time, I visited those Bismi mobile Service fellows and used harsh words to tell about their unethical behavior and cursed them for such unqualified and unprofessional service standards.

3rd LCD assembly, I bought from Radio Vision, also I reported them the quality, they said, sir these LCD are duplicate qualities, it would break. I did ask about good service centers. Genuine comment they gave is no service engineer in Richie street is good to service the smart phones. I requested them to replace with their engineer, the quality was looking good, but the new problem evolved was that the Phone call proximity UV filter went missing, now display not getting when phone cal is on, leading to unexpected mute and loudspeaker buttons.

Ha ha, the 3rd LCD did not life even for 1 month, during summer vacation tour, when I wanted to get down from the car, I picked up the phone from pant pocket to avoid pressure on the glass, unfortunately, when I was getting down, my pant was struck on the door and all of sudden my Phone fell down from hand due to the jerk. Voila….3rd LCD made a huge sound.. of course huge comments from wife  and brother and mother.. irresponsible fellow. how many times you will break the iPhone. Immediately, I went to a nearby shop and applied a transparent Gum tape vertically. With same condition the iPhone is being used for 3 weeks now.

Though my iPhone 4 has problems like Power button not working, glass broken, proximity sensor not working, my iPhone still gives me better communication and satisfaction on the usage. Looking to buy a original LCD assembly and Power button strip, Proximity UV filter and service it self.

During these period, I had to buy one Nokia Asha 230 smart phone just costed around INR 3300 less then 60 USD. But real smart phone with dual SIM rich experience.  I am still holding this phone for a backup.

If you are really concerned about iPhone use protective cases include number covers, if at all broken try visiting genuine service centers avoid richie street, Prefer Original or replace the iPhone if  it has been used for at least 3 years. These smartphones life span seems to be 3 to 4 years.

Take care..unlike me.


Legal system in India a review

Ultimate authority and solution centre for a common man problem is the courts and the Judges. One  can call it as a  “Legal system”. But, does this system performing to the needs and demand? Is it fulfilling the natural justice? Do the judgments  are in time and when needed?  Does it have the  sufficient Infrastructure to the growing needs of the litigations and suits.?

I came across a law journal comments, which if you read across would raise your eyebrow, would naturally raise a question….how and when this legal system going to reshape, how and when the efficiency is going to improve. Actual statistics are worrying, which needs immediate attention and quick law reforms in the country.

Case 1:

Umakant sharma, Postman, he was charged for appropriating of an amount Rs 57 by a metropolitan magistrate in the year 1984. This case had 350 oral hearings, 30 years of suspension from service. After 29 years, he was acquitted. A sorrier side of Justice delivery system.

Case 2 :

Mahipat Bamgude’s case captures its trivialization. Mahipat Bamgude and his friend, Ghanshyam Bhosale, then aged 22 were travelling to a wedding, when a fellow passenger’s leg accidentally hit the complainant, Shankar Nivangune. This minor accident led to such heated arguments, that Shankar filed a complaint in 1982 against the two u/s 325 (voluntarily causing severe hurt) and 504 (intentional insult) read with S.34. The case remained forgotten until 2010, 29 years later, when it was listed for first hearing. By then, the complainant and all but one of the 13 witnesses had died.

If we look at the facts, our country needs more law graduates, quality practice, opportunities for Junior Advocates, more judges and courts…read below..why?

Facts :
– 250 seats are vacant out of 900 in various High Courts, means 30% of seats are vacant.
– In Tamilnadu alone 162 courts are unmanned.
– Only 15000 district and sub-divisional courts functioning against 18000 all over India
– Total number of pending cases have crossed 3 crores. 30 million cases.
– Out of which 4 million cases are pending in High Courts alone
– It is an approximate guess that, it would take 400 years to complete many pending cases. Specially the criminal appeals.
– Law commission recommended in 1987 that ratio of Indian Judges per population to be increased from current 11 Judges to 110 Judges per million.
– Which is far lagging compared to other developed countries. Australia 58/ Million, Canada 75/Million, UK 100/Million, USA 130/Million.

Common man too much dependance, no confidence in self and relationship, virtue
The other end, common man lost his virtue, eagerness and extra ordinary desires, money attitude leading to unnecessary filing up of cases for even small causes. Small causes can very well be settled between the party by themselves. All it needs a tolerance, forgiveness and amicable settlement with the help of elders and superior individuals in the community. Especially, like minor criminal and civil cases.

Bottlenecks cases in delivery system.

– Matrimonial cases
– Section 138, Negotiable Instruments cases. Cheque bouncing.
– Traffic Challan
– Motor Accident Claim
– Section 498A, Dowry and Domestic Women Violence Act
– Section 482 CrPC
– Civil Suits

Other strict systems which can improve the Judicial system in India

– Electronic filing and Case References
– Giving deadline and maximum number of adjournments else, dismiss the case.
– Control the time period of cases by Judges
– In Criminal cases, plea bargaining then full-fledged trial
– Judges given access to online journals
-Selective docket system like in the US in appraising the petitions, about the interpretation of the laws. Grant only if valid.
– Pre – screening in chambers.
– Judges and Advocates exhibit utmost integrity and Honesty. Both inside and outside courtroom

Legal Education:-

Natural justice says, every common man shall know what is law and can practice law for his own causes. But, there are many questions raised on the development of legal education and court practice, like seniority, caste system,  monopoly interests playing in the court practice, virtually not allowing the young graduates to practice law at ease, there are heavy barriers and channels,  blocking the liberty to error and learn. Influence of politics and Administrative powers are buying the postings.

Quiet interestingly there is  an another worrying factor happening in the legal education system, The Bar Council system hardly monitoring the development of legal education system, asking why in Tamilnadu there are many graduates enrolling in to the Bar, asking why they are completing their  law degrees from other States.  Discriminating  own standards and policies and by  Ignoring to take initiatives in implementing developing programmes for Junior Advocates.

Conclusion :-

Judicial system must evolve from lagging face to revolution face, don’t keep the door open for cases, open the door for completing the cases before coming trial. Uphold natural Justice. Faith in the legal system. Speedy delivery and Fundamental Rights.

I hope the new team with the supervision of Mr.Modi, will give a shape to the  legal and judicial process system to be in par with the developed international countries.

Satymeva Jayathe!  Satymeva Jayathe!  Satymeva Jayathe!  Truth alone Triumphs!

1) Law weekly 2014,  Jan 2014, Criminal Cases

2) Speech Delivered by Hon’ble Mr. Justice Ranjan Gogoi, Judge, Supreme Court of India dated 07.12.2013 during the One Day Special Programme for District Judges on Challenges facing the Indian Judiciary – Identification and Resolution

Srilanka, Human Rights, YHRI , Road to Rights,

Thanks note to SASYHR 2014


This article is about my Sri Lanka experience.

Few weeks back, I received an exclusive invitation to attend and speak as a international delegate  at South Asia Summit on Youth for Human Rights SASYHR 2014, organized by the Non-Profit Organization called The Road to Rights. Founder Mr.Ashan Perera, Senator at Youth Parliament. Ministry of Social Media, Ministry for Youth and National Youth Council have supported this event.

Youth for Human Rights International, and USA based Non-Profit organization headed by the Dr.Mary Shuttleworth, founder  and  Mr.Bruce Ferguson South Asia Co-Ordinator. The event was colored by Mr. Nishant, Ms. Stephanies, Actress Pooja UmaShankar and South Asia Ambassador Sheena Chauhan.

3 day event  was grandly opened with high profile speakers such as Dr Chris Nonis, UK Amabassador and Lalit Piyum Perera lighting the opening ceremony.

There were 100’s of youth volunteers who were energetic and actively co-ordinated the whole event.

This 3 day event was planned with 7 sessions. Firstly, on the 1st day, 1st session was on the topic Gender Equality.  For some reason, the panelist for the 1st session was not finalized and henceforth an open invitation was given to be panelist. I thought this is an excellent opportunity, so I said with all your permission, I am taking up the panelist position.

But for Instance, I was very blank on the topic, since no preparation was done and no subjects were referred. However, since there were 4 panelist, I took my turn to be 3rd and meanwhile I started pen down the important points of the topic.

When it comes to Gender Equality, there are many issues under this category, so I started taking few important points such as female foeticide and women reservation policy for the session, and elaborated the points with two way interactions.

1) The boy gender going to find it very difficult to find a bride if the female foeticide keeps continuing and ratio is imbalance.

2) Politicians talk so much about women reservation, but practically no representation given  for women. Women should come forward in jobs, politics and administration. Deserve 33%.

This session I have ended with a note that, though the women deserve equal right to men, don’t misuse that equal right by wrongly comparing with the cruel attitude of some men.

Also submitted one of my Facebook post. ““Women is a special character, mother of hospitality, gentleness and softness. Never get to match yourself with the men character and never be at a wrong place at wrong time.”

An audience raised a question during QA time. He asked… why no religion never ever talk about gender equality.

  • So I categorically concluded, this is an issue of every individual and it is a unwritten constitution to respect women. As well, it would be better, if this question can be raised in the World Religious Conference, if any amendments can be made. :)

Secondly, I found very interesting topics were discussed on ICT, Internet Communication Technology, using ICT how can we do the uplifting of the needed one and uphold the human rights, yet another interesting topic was press media. The debates were very thoughtful.

Thirdly, on day 3 of the event, international delegates were given slots to represent their country and topics. So it started first with me India. I was the first one to take up the podium and presented my ppt on UDHR articles 25, 26, 29

26. The Right to Education. Ensure you and all in your family are EDCUATED

UDHR Article 26 , Constitution of Sri Lanka, Chapter VI, Article 27, (2) (h)

Education is a right. Primary school should be free. Our parents can choose what we learn. (h) the complete eradication of illiteracy and the assurance to all persons of the right to universal and equal access to education at all levels.

25. Food and Shelter for All. Protect your Environment
UDHR Article 25 , Constitution of Sri Lanka, Chapter VI, Article 27, (2) (c)

We all have the right to a good life. Mothers and children, people who are old, unemployed or disabled, and all people have the right to be cared for. (c) the realization by all citizens of an adequate standard of living for themselves and their families, including adequate food, clothing and housing, the continuous improvement of living conditions and the full enjoyment of leisure and social and cultural opportunities ;

29. Responsibility/Duty You are responsible for your Country and you UDHR Article 29, Constitution of Sri Lanka, Article 28, Fundamental Duty

We have a duty to other people, and we should protect their rights and freedoms.

End of the presentation introduced about my initiative about the Saraswathi Foundation for Promoting Education and Environment.

In thanks note, I had no other option except to call Mr.Ashan Perera to the stage and requested a big applaud for the initiative.Then I had keynote speech to the Audience and the Administrators, which I made the earlier night.

The speech goes as follows


Dear Sinhalese, Tamils,  Muslims, Burghers, Moors, Malay &  Veddah’s

South Asia Summit on Youth and Human Rights have come to the final day along with World Educational Tour for Peace 2014. This day is going to be a day written in the history of Mother Sri Lanka.

The Road to Rights, youth led movement  headed by Mr.Ashan Perera, The Senator member of the National Youth Parliament and  his concept of creating awareness programme to the public on human rights is going to have very positive  impact on the development of Sri  Lanka.

Every youth of this nation have a courtesy to thank the Ministry of Youth Affairs and Skill Development, Ministry of Mass Media and Information and National Youth Services Council for their support and supervising this summit.

Likewise, in my country India the disputed Kashmir, like Afghanistan, Pakistan and Syria  the conflict of interest has taken a override on peace and a safari ride on the violation of fundamental rights of the common man.

This nation, after ending 3 decades of war, now transforming into the stage of reconciliation and development.  However, reconciliation and development  would be a challenging factor to the State and the Administrators. Primarily because the fundamental rights such as equality, education, health, economy and sustainability, which are to be addressed by each and every citizen of this beautiful nation.

As Dr.Chris Noni said in the opening ceremony, you the youth, the brand ambassadors of the nation,  have a duty to open your mind to inquiry, embrace the change, come out of subjugation,  come out of autocracy, agony, apartheid  and apply equanimity to reap the dividend of peace and uphold the  sovereignty of human values, open your heart to each other and respect to each other irrespective of color creed, ethnicity, religion and rich.

Unity in diversity is a prosperity, peace bonded with economical, social and political rights are the roads for the rights, of course a genuine way to the fundamental rights.

In this juncture,  let us all take the inspirations from the leaders such as Mahatma Gandhi, C.W.W. Kannangara (Father of free education of Sri Lanka), Abraham Lincoln, Martin Luther King Jr, Dr. Ambedkar & Nelson Mandela and follow their paths  towards the humanity and peace.

As a  citizen of this developing nation, you the vibrant, energetic, responsible youth, you  hold a complete responsibility in contributing to the development of the nation. To become a developed nation and peace prevailing country, requires a Continued education filled with social ethics and moral values , increasing the agriculture production, technology development, intellectual property assets,  establishment of local industries, strong manufacturing base,  self and sustainable development .

“My dear youngsters! youths of this nation, youths representing the villages and cities; Please note that every bad habit and immoral personal activity that you do in public is witnessed by the children’s and kids of our community, like consuming liquor in public, smoking cigarettes, public nuisance and gambling. Don’t  set yourself as an example of a bad role model and a bad society”

I register my heartiest thanks to Mr.Ashan Perera, Dr Mary Shuttleworth, Dr. Bruce Ferguson, Sheena Chohan, Jinnie, Toven, Tushant, Stephanie, Pooja, Hansaka, Dumi,  my co-delegates from India, International delegates, Local delegates,  each and every volunteer, food &  transport providers, Sri Lankan Airways for the ever remarkable smile and all kind of support provided in your Mother Sri Lanka.

At the outset,  I wish the outcome of this event will  give extracts to the forthcoming World Youth Conference 2014, Mainstreaming Youth in the post-2015 Development agenda.

Bohoma Stuti


Though I took excess time than allotted, I wanted to deliver what I wanted to convey.

Later Afghanistan team made a wonderful presentation, they did a good homework and they were very positive in creating a very positive image of Afghanistan. They had Apple products and technology geeks. Ha ha, however, me Indian had to help them in setting my laptop to run the presentation and audio connection with my Dell Studio 17″ . But from my heart I appreciate Afghanistan for binded brand building presentation. Wish to visit Afghanistan.

Next 2 days, we had a train Travel to Kandy Province and did 4 hour sightseeing and returned back to Colombo. Did some shopping. We were given a free accommodation to MoonSoon Suites, where we were given a serviced apartment.

General Highlights of Sri Lanka

– Colombo is like Singapore, small and beautiful Country

– Sri Lanka Rupee value is half of Indian Rupee. 1INR = 2 SR

– People are tourist friendly.

– Cost of goods and food is expensive in Colombo, it is cheaper as we get out of Colombo.

– Motor vehicles are costly, at least 3 times costlier than India, including bikes and scooters.

– Sri Lankan youth are not much aware about India, same like Indian’s have no much idea about Srilanka

– Sri Lanka is not a manufacturing based country, they don’t produce much. Industries are lagging.

– Sri Lankan youth speak very good English.

– I like the Sri Lankan Baila songs. Party songs

– I felt like it is Goa, Tourist friendly and company

– Muslim community feeling heat after Ethnic war end.

– Tamil community still feel the heat of discrimination, restriction of freedom and opportunities.

– XtremeYouth photography group is the best association of photographers I ever saw in the Indian land. (Dear Chennai photographers, join hands to help social events and make free photos. Earn ad mileage.

– Many NGO are job creators.

– Traffic rules are followed, at places, they are following Chennai

– Heavy traffic on the Airport road, inside city.

– Food is cheaper at some roadside hotels and you get fish

– Kandy train route is the best hillside train travel almost 40 KM goes uphill

– Train coaches are giving too much noise and vibrations.(China make). Son, these are going to be replaced by Indian.

– Nuwara Aliya seems to be best hill station in SL

– In colombo, people seems not using much of milk. They use powder instead.

– Milk and most vegetables are coming from North

– North provinces seems more productive than south

– Beaches are good for evening out. With friends and party.

– Nothing great to purchases except thigh height midi’s and nighties.

I liked Sri Lanka, friendly people. Would like to visit with family in a good season.
Thanks all for the courtesy, hospitality and opportunity!

Hail YHR!!!    Hail HUMAN RIGHTS!!!

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Raja Sir 71, Tree plantation event

mango plants

mango plants

It was a great opportunity paying back to the music. Yes, music of isaignani illayaraja’s  is always a medicine. His music heals the heart and mind.  His music is a best companion when alone, drive and travel.

On June 2nd falls Raja sir’s birthday. 2014 is 71st birthday.  As a thanksgiving to his music, I have sponsored and organized a tree plantation event at my village government elementary school.  The event went on successfully and demand for fruit tree’s went up all through villagers.

Week back, my friend  Mr.Harikrishnan forwarded me an email about the 71st birthday of illayaraja sir and a project run by, an official fan club of illayaraja, managed by his daughter and his long time music lovers.

A project of planting 71001 trees across Tamilnadu.  I found this initiative is interesting, so I traced the contacts for Vellore District. I found Mr.Babu and confirmed my interest to involve in the initiative. But, I had no clue what is what and how this is going to take place. I was determined to use this chance to promote the environment and  use the support of my mother’s, Saraswathi Foundation for promoting and environment

Vellore District co-ordinator confirmed me that he will organize the trees  in whatever the quantity I need. However, transporting it is going to cost me a lot since my village and Vellore City is almost 70 KM away. The other concern was that, what type of tree plants I would get and how this is going to attract the children and retain the interest of nurturing.

So, I concluded that tree plants should be fruit yielding one, hence I started searching through many friends and contacts to avail the fruit tree plants. Found no garden nursery was nearby. I walked and called many forest range offices in Vellore and Tiruvellore districts to find about the tree plants. Nowhere, I got a positive response on tree plants, specially the fruit yielding. Lost few days, I had only 24 hours, at last got a contact to garden nursery based in Chengalpatu, Orchid tree. The owner lady said each plant will cost Rs.30, but transporting to be taken care. Since this place further far than Vellore City, it is going to cost more. Around 130 KM. from village. At last my neighbor Mr.Eswaran, gave me a lead one through one Mr.Meganathan, he suggested me to buy plants from a village located in Andhra Pradesh, near Tamilnadu border.

On June 2nd morning, myself and my daughter who was on summer vacation started a 80 KM drive to reach Andhra Pradesh(Seema Andhra). Ont he way we found the  stretch between Tiruvellore Town and Uttuottai town is growing very faster, my daughter witnessed many forest range offices and a Poondi lake.

Finally, we approached the seller, the seller quoted each plant Rs60. Normal rate of each plant is around Rs.100+. I tried convincing about donation to children etc, etc. However, he said he can offer Rs.30. Each plant, justified that nurturing involves lot of cost and maintenance of pouring water everyday.

So finally purchased around 50 @ INR 30 and requested them to give extra 10 plants as gift. We got it. By the time me and my daughter reached it was around 11 A.M. My another important tasks were to confirm the children, chief guest and important logistic of banners.

Ha ha, I found the digital banner industry is so busy in Tamilnadu, youth are already fell victim of banner culture, printing banners for every reason and flooding the designers and delivery schedules. In my case, it was a essential that banners mentioning the event name was must. A condition of isaignanifanclub. Even otherwise, an event needs a backdrop with event name and sponsorship etc. A way to record the events. Luckily, I went with already self designed banners in psd format.  So it took just an hour and Rs.200 for two banners of 5ft X 2ft size, Rs 10/sq ft. But it was quick printed fitted highlights.

The past few weeks weather is so hot that, human body starts burning everywhere, could not tolerate the heat at the mid of the afternoon. Initially program was planned at 2.30, based on the hot weather, I pushed to 3.30 PM. As planned mango tree plants , banners,  chocolates, chief guests and children were ready. The programme went on well, every children was happy to receive the plants, specially after I said, this is a special variety of Banganapalli mango trees.

I am sure, most of them would be nurturing that everyday and looking forward quick harvesting and a shadow at the backyard of the house.

I too feel this is just a initiative to impress the cute minds and create a concern on environment. Thanks to Saraswathi Foundation of the money contribution and for the moral support of Mr.Babu. Vellore District.  iPhone and Asha 230 photo clicks by Vishal and Shailesh.

Note: Any government/private school or colleges in Tamilnadu, NCC, Scout programs require any events supporting environment, planting shadow giving trees or a fruit yielding trees. please let us know. we will provide logistic and execute the event. Ultimately, seed some effort to manage the global warming and hot weather.

Total cost of the event was INR was 2850.

1500 Plants
1000 for Fuel
200 Banner print
150 Chocolates.

Why India shall develop the culture of business environment as the Silicon valley, namely the United States of America?

There are different economies, some are innovative, productive, consuming or service oriented. India may be rated as best economy as a consuming market and service oriented.

Innovation may be a rare dream for Indian entrepreneurs, because there is no climate for motivating & rewarding business culture here. If we look at the core of this culture, the reason can fall on the lack of entrepreneurs coming out of top rated business and techie schools. IIT’ians  & IIM  never come out of campus with a purpose for creating a culture, rather everyone are ending up with Top MNC’s with a package, that flashes on a news paper headlines. 

The worlds top technology companies have hired such top rated graduates from top Indian Institutions and using their knowledge for creation of inventions and taking ownership of the Patents. i.e. Intellectual Property ownership. This is a bad light for the Indian Business environment and innovation opportunity.

Recently, an experienced patent attorney from USA, Mr.Howard B Miller categorically suggested to the Indian Patent Attorneys & Technology heads that India is in need of creating a culture, that may provide opportunity to new comers for opening up business, finding innovations & inventing patents.

He may have indirectly referenced the American companies, those who are ruling the world with innovative technologies and products. 

Personally, I think about 3 important issues, the Indian business culture should consider.

1) Present Indian entrepreneurs should  create innovation in products, file up intellectual properties by way of inventions and copyrights.(I think the top-most Indian companies not anywhere near to a small technology innovation company from the US or Chinese market, attributable to the lack of innovation, invention, IP system, IP department and intellectual properties assets are not created)

2)  Government of India and Commerce ministry, should provide a climate & promote the habit of patenting the innovation and inventions of every industry as patent right, to leverage the invention and innovation and ripe the full potential in the world market.

3)  The so called, techie brains coming out of IIT’s & IIM’s should setup own companies in India.   Create a culture OF innovation, inventions & environment to more entrepreneuers.

The culture of successful business comes with the environment and culture of innovation and invention and entrepreneurship. Not by becoming educated slave’s.

We are very pride in getting employed with top MNC’s with     

A high profile scholar from USA was there in India on a conference, where many eminent insutrialists and Lawyers were present. A fundamenal question he raised to every other Indian was that, when would the culture of business would develop in India.

We Indians have been talking so much for decades now telling that we are the 

2) The Indian electricity 40 years back and now.

3) Political parties before independence and after indepedance, still bluffing the Indian Citizens.

   Infrastructure, Helath, Safety, Importance of Life, Shelter and Food.

Some Extract point from GlobalIP Convention 2014

As a Patent Analyst & Patent Attorney, I have attended the Global IP Convention that was held at Hyderabad. It was a good opportunity to meet clients and other industry professionals from worldwide.

Three day convention had more than 50 sessions from experts. Me having a habit of taking notes, I thought to share the extract keywords. Hence, pasting it here as bullets. You have any doubts to specific keyword, you may write to 

Global IP Convention Extracts of sessions



Leveraging and Optimization of the IP Assets


Mr. Pravin Anand,


Creating an Asset, Leverage , Optimize

Statutory Law,Contract Law, Regulatory Law

Jurisprudence by an Inch

Recent Trends in Intellectual Property

Time Revolution

Court of Civil Procedure amended

2005 – IP Laws

2010 SC IP Litigation is 4 months – Evidence in Affidavit.

Remedies Resolution

Criminal Justice system in Civil

117 Trademark

Few in Patents

Technical Issue to Merits

10000 reported decisions



Joinder – Mis Joinder

Less Technical,




Moot Curt Order

They don’t like Suppression

Shortcut, Short order

Merk- Glenmark


Use of Technologies

Video Conference



- Delhi Court, IPAB Revocation of Patent), Bangalore Court(District Courts),Politics at Law, Subjective, Court fees, Law Commission, Finer order  gets struck. 


Dr. Vivekanandan

Patent pooling, Consortium, Singer (1856 – 1877) – Sewing Manufacturer Association,1908-1918 – Wright Brothers – Aircraft Manufacturers Association, 

1997-2001 MPEG, 1997-2014 CD ROM RFID, 

Medical –  UnitAid


Joint Licensing, Dumping, non-essential patents,Price fixing,Unreasonable Royalty,Grant back, Regulated fight



Mr.Narendara Sabharwal

- Licensing

- Sale

- Optimize value from IP

- Commercialization

- IP as a security and collateral

- Incentive

-Global Index from 6th position 2011 to 66th position in 2013

- Supply (Government), Network,Venture Capital, Incubators)

- 8000 Incubators


Mr.Mustafa Safiyuddin, Legasis Partners

Pre -1991 Government discouraged foreign brands

- Economy imperialisation

- Disadvantage of Indian Brands

- Hybrid Markets

- Mumbai High Court

- No Violation

-Assignment with dual ownership

- Assignment of Industrial Registration of Foreign Marks




- Negative right

- Asset is missed(infringed)

- Strong as possible

- Different Strategy for every Country

Specialization claims according to Indian Standards

- Nirma register series of whole trademarks

- Diligence Section

- Audit

- Licensing opportunity

- What other Competitors doing around you

- Revocation for IP

- Cancellation of IP

- Litigation


Section 8


Roche vs Cipla

Pfizer, removed, reinstated




Department of Information Technology



Goals, Threats, Strategy

  • - Enforceability
  • - Attacks of Invalidation
  • - Length and Breath of Invention
    • - Strategy Stated or Practiced
  • Defensive or Offensive
  • Exclusive or Monetization
  • Important market
  • Lower cost


Quality of Drafting

“You live with what you draft and die with the draft”


Invalidity, Infringement, Novelty, Inventive step


PHASAKITA(Lower standards for enablement)


Section 3


P-SITA (Personal skill in the art)


-Ambiguous claims or Claims without support

-Willful non-complaint to Section 8

Non-Compliance to Section 39- Secrecy provision


Section 6


(Inventor – Owner)

- Disclaimer, Correction, Explanation

- Changes in the claims should be as filed claims, original claims

- Any amendment to the as filed claims

- Amendment can be made at any stage, before or after the grant

- Amendment subject to clean hand doctrine

- Interpretation as formal

- What drives

- Baseline Draft, based on Target

- Research the subject 

- Feel the subject matter

- Drafting Approach( 3-4 years learning required)

- Claims

(Broad scope to prior art)

(Different scopes)

(Cover value chain)

- Dependent Claims

- Embodiments Provide

- Describe  noun of the claim

- Enable each verb of the claims

- Provide mere details



Dr.Ekkehard Heinze LL.M

U-Turns by the EPO

Greater safety in Patents


1) Multiple indépendant Claims (EPO)

-  More value for PCT in Europe

- EPO Search schedule

- Non Searchable Subject matter

- Search report/Opinion and Substantive examination

- Timely restraints Divisional

- Pay additional search fee, Complete search, Divisional Billing 

- Focus on just part of your claims

- Relevance of prior art

- Lack of unity

- Post hearing can happen

- Admitting device and method claims


Single Invention- Multiple Claims

- Method Claims co-exit with device claims

- But typically plural device

- PCT filed with EPO

- Pay for Argue intentional Phase

- Pay PO for additional searches within due term for all EP 

- EPO Search

- Different

- Beginning only

- Argue Convincingly (Preferred) or be prepared for divisional

- EESR- 1st Substantive action

- Provide arguments

- Proceedings n writing (Actual response)

- Amendments after intention for grant



-“Total reset” for search problems

- No way to extend the original 

- High cost burden

- Time limits disappear

- Additional searches for PCT

- Claim structure

- Multiple Independent Claim

- Avoid length and complex explanation separated

- Wording Generalize

- Money for Additional Search


  • Jonathan Morrall, Killburn and Strode


-Article 52

  • ⁃ An inventions involve a inventive step
  • - No discoveries, scientific theories, and mathematical methods
  • -Closest prior art
  • - Claim and closest Prior art
  • - Technical effect
  • - Technical Problem  vs Claimed Inventions
  • - Technicality
  • 1986 ( T208/84)
  • 1998(T1173/97)
  • 2000 T931/95
  • 2002 T641/00
  • 2004 248/04
  • - Multi file Dependencies can be used.
  • Aerotel Vs Telco Holding 
  • EWCA – 45% signpost
  • Ravi Bola
  • - K & S Partners, Biotechnologist
  • - Myriad vs AMP
  • - Genetics
  • - BRCAI Under Section USC 101
  • - Monsanto
  • - Mahyco case vs Bio-Deversity Law
  • - Conserve
  • - Sustainable Use,
  • - Equitable sharing of benefits
  • - IPO
  • - Section 40 
  • - Bio Diversity Law
  • Section 5
  • Section 7
  • Opposition outside India
  • Novartis
  • Section 3(d) Mere discovery of new form of a known substance without any enhanced efficacy is not patentable
  • Shyam S Policetti, CPA Global Solutions
  • US Prosecution and Policy
  • Carp-et Bombing Vs Cherry Picking
  • NPE problem
  • Cycle and Gorging
  • Post Grant Option
  • Pre-Grant Option
  • Post Grant
  • Post Grant review
  • Inter Parties Review
  • Re-Examination
  • Expensive 9000 to 18000 USD
  • Higher Standard 35 USC 122
  • $180
  • 37 CFR1.56
  • 35USC 257
  • Fees Large 4400, Small 2,200 to 1100 Micro
  • Howard B Miller
  • - US Supreme Court
  • - 9th year to review
  • - Myraid
  • - Patents eligibility
  • 101 Composition of matter
  • NAture isolation of DNA in nature
  • cDNA was Patentable
  • ASLU 
  • Dominant player
  • 4 new grants


  • Bryan Vogel
  • RKMS
  • US Circuit & District Circuit
  • Decisions & Trends in Paragraph 
  • Reverse Payment
  • - Safe Harbor
  • Pleading Requirement

- FTC Vs Actavis

eBay Vs Merc Exchange LL.C

-Irreparable Injury

- Inadequate Monetary Relief

- Balance of hardships lean towards

- injunction

- further public interest

- International Trade Commission ITC

-Domestic Industry

-Demonstrate Infringement


ALJ blunted Samsung

CLAIMS 75, 76, 82,  348 PATENT





Patent Issues

Anti Trust Issue

Technical Issues

Contract Issues


5 USC 271(e) (1)

Pleading requirement

Fed R Cir P.8

S C 2007


Ashcroft vs Iqbal S.C. 2009

Novartis vs Wockhardt DNJ 271(e)(2) 

Cumberland vs Innopharma D.Del

Sunovion V Teva Fed Cir

BMS V Teva



Dr Anthony Proctor (Potter Clarkson)

- EPO Patent & Trademark Attorney

- Central Court for Litigation 

- The Unified Patent

- Unitary Patent

- 2016/2017 Realistic Start date for new system

- EP, GB, FR, IT, DE

- R71(3) IFC Communication


Ranga Sourirajan

-Recent Agency decisions


- File a complaint products that are being imported

-Supreme metalics

-Apple Vs Samsung

-Samsung vs Fractis

-Pre merger notifications, classification, we are in the line of new invention in type


Dr. Saiful Khan


-Drafting Tips

-Office Action Responses

-125th Year


Computer Implemented Inventions

- Inventive Step

- Excluded Subject matter

- Legislation case law

- UK & EPC are the same

- Not patentable

- Novelty, Non-Obviousness(Industrial, Applicability)

- Board of Appeal in EPO

- Recent Changes in Practice

- 1986- Viacom Vs Digital Image

- Calculations in Image processing.

- Technical Process

- 1987, Koch & Stezel ( X-Ray Apparates)



-2004 Hitachi 

-online dutch auction system

-2009 Nintendo

-Random number generation is technical

-2008 Symbian

- Halliburton – Drill bit design

- Traffic fulfillment

2006 Aerotel vs Telco 



DLL Patentable


- A technical effect outside the computer

- Architecture of 

- Operating in new way


- Think Technical 

- Hardware Difference

 – Technical Operational Difference.


- Reliability, Securing one Drawing, Commercial Interest



IP Innovation, IP Acquiring

Patent Information in Emerging Markets


Jurgen Dressel

Access to Medicine


Political issues

Secondary Innovations

BRIC- (Brazil, Russia, India, China)

Research > Develop > Regularize) 3 years 

Filing to Expiry – 20 years


1 Billion Dollars.

Compound (Genus) first medical use

Compound (Species)

Solid forms, solvates, Poly

Formulation, Rlease, Profile

Manufacturing, Processing, Intermedication

Additional Indication

Patient- Sub- Populations



Improved formulation(Neoral)

Over Burden at Patent Office

Patent Expiry

Little case law



Damage Specialized Appeal Court

Fast DEcisions

Independent Claims

Vode- Nov- REview


Good :-

Court Descretion

PIS Granted



Section 8


Sec 3(d) Enhanced Therapeutic Efficacy requirement for Pharmaceuticals, working requirement, Compulsory License, Non-Emerging situation



- Ex Parte PIS granted



No Post filed

Burden of Proof

Low Capital Statutory


Gary Speier, Schwegman- Lundberg, Voessner

Value Discovery

Patent Steps

Ready to answer those questions


Legal Status


Who, What, When, Where and How Much?


Claim Scopes, Analytics, Value, Portfolio

Pending days by Examiner



Kalpana Reddy



Patent Prosecution Highway

US Korea, Japan, China, EPO (IP5)


William H Manning

Without Trial or Appeal

Experts 40%

 The art of Precision > Art of Persuasion > Art of Quantification



10th Grade 

Practical Decision possible

Make Decisions based on 30% of the information

Intergraph Vs DELL, HP & Others


 Rare, Innovative, Leaps, Transistor, Laser


Embedded and Adopted


Distinct enough prior Art 99.9%

Simplicity, with Questions


Patent 5091846


Mediation vs Counsel

Hide and Seek no.

Take Now and Pay Later

1000 USD/Hour


Defendant Damage Expert

Laser Dynamics Vs Quanta

Apple vs Motorola

Put them into negotiation


Matthew L Woods


SEP, FRFM, ITC, the Phone wars

- What in What as

- Injunction relief

- Smart Phone Wars

- Whats Next


Consortium Info

Fair, Reasonable, and Non-Discriminating.



Time Limit

Country – Region – PCT – Counsel

Sec 39

Convention applicant 135

Commercial availability


Work hard



Dr. Agarwal 


Building business

Patent does not create Value

What needs you are meeting

Proprietary Patents to Protect

Innovation and Overall Business Plan

Building Business

Culture that create value.



Marks & Clerk




Multiple Repeated



Roche Vs Cipla


Patent Laws

Substative Law

Procedure Law


Just beginning to recognize the importance of IP


Knowledge Engineering


Competitive Law

Small Companies play globally to extract the full potential

Strong IP Plan

Strong Innovation



New Drug

Method using drug to treat deceases

Process for Manufacturing drug

Equipment used to Manufacture drug


Dennise Defranco

Section 101

Abstract Ideas

Natural Phenomena

Laws of nature


2010 Blsk

2012- Prometheus

2013 Myriad

CLS Bank



J Hallen


Method, Medium, System


Functional claims

Method, Computer Readable


Section 112 (g)


Re-Donaldson[Fed 1974]

Functional Element

Lack in Ennoblement

Surviving post grant challenges

Expert Challenges

Respond quickly

US Counsel

Early Review



Joanna Uchanska

Inventive Concepts


Terms may be different from those used by their disclosures, specifications or claims

A Scientific Amendment 











Article 25/ Article 54

-Minimal number of Independent thoughts

To be Invested into creating the innovation

When Independence

Non-Equivalence of Inventive

Patent Eligibility

Matter Interpretation


FSTP Analysis

Semi Automatic

Innovation Concept

Exclusions 3 & 4

Well Definedness(1-4)


Patent Eligibility (8-10)


1) Elementary Inventive Concepts

2) Completeness of Invention

3) Clarity about the means

4) Enablement should be possible for persons skilled in the art to carry out invention

5) Sufficiency of Disclosure


Lawfully – Definitively -Enabling

Step 10 and Rule 13

Complete Disclosure of Specification


Sec 10(4)

The limits of Claims clearly and distinct


Novelty Check on all

-With prior Art, Published Anywhere

Prime date of filing




Novelty and non-obiviousness(Nano) Test 7

Biswanath Prasad Radhey Shyam Vs Hundustan Metal 

Nano test formerly called as FSTP test

Creativity and Semantic

Patent Eligible Subject matter Sec3 IPA

Frivolous Invention


Argubale Assets

User Interface Entities

(Knowledge Represented)

Human Interactions

Legal Concept

Legal Concern

Legal Justiification

Legal Argument facts



Computational; Independant

Platform Independent model

Platform Specific Model

Claimed Invention

Inventive Concept

Patent is described by Inventive concepts

Lawfull disclosure

Inventive Concept


Dr. Ayel B Berger, 

Supplementary Protection Certificate

How can SPC be obtained?

The product is protected by a basic patent in force





South Africa Patents



National Law

Lack of Definitive case Law regarding



ERIC Robinson, Patent Counsel



Little Predictability

US Clearly allows patents on software

Indian Patent System is yet to define clear Guidelines but Software patents 


Note: Notes were taken from Audio presentations, I shall not be responsible for spelling mistakes are order the presenter of bullet points. 

தமிழ் என்றாலே தகராறு

தமிழ் என்றாலே தகராறு என்னும் பழமொழி என்னுடைய மகளின் 3-ஆம் வகுப்பு மதிப்பெண் பட்டியலில் இருந்து தெரிகிறது. காரணங்களை அலசியபோது,
1) பாடப் புத்தகத்தின் தொகுப்பு அளவுக்கு அதிகமாக உள்ளதும்.
2) இரண்டாம் மொழியாக (SECOND LANGUAGE) பயிலும் மாணவர்களுக்கு, முதல் மொழியாக பயிலும் அதே தமிழ் புத்தகத்தை படிக்க சொல்வதும்.
3) தேர்வு வினாக்கள் பாடப் புத்தகத்தில் இடம் பெராதவையாக இருப்பதும்.
4) கடினமான இலக்கணங்கள் 3 ஆம் வகுப்பிலேயே கேட்டிருப்பதும்.
5)10 ஆம் வகுப்பு வரை தமிழ் மொழியை முதல் மொழியாக கொண்டு படித்த எனக்கே 3 ஆம் வகுப்பு இலக்கணம் புரியவில்லை என்பதும்.
6) 100 மாணவர்களுக்கு வெறும் 15 மாணவர்களே தமிழ் மொழியை இரண்டாம் மொழியாக பயில்வதும்.
7)நடைமுறையில் பேசும் தமிழும், புத்தகத்தில் பயிலும் தமிழும் முற்றிலும் வித்தியாசமாக இருப்பது, என அடுக்கிக் கொண்டே போகிறது….தமிழ் தேர்வு என்றாலே அழ ஆரம்பித்து விடும் மகளை பார்க்கும்பொழுது, ஏன் ஹிந்தி மொழியை மகளுக்கு பரிந்துரை செய்யவில்லை என்பது வருத்தமாக இருக்கிறது… முயற்சி செய்து நன்றாக படி மகளே என்று சொல்வதை தவிர வேரு ஒன்றும் எனக்கு தோன்றவில்லை.

Patents search services crowdsourcing

For few years now, I had successfully done hundreds of patent prior art and patent invalidity searches. Most of these searches were with the US and Japan clients. Recently, I got to know about the 3rd party crowd sourcing platform models, those providing efficient patent search solutions. Example, Article One Partners and Patexia are some of those,  providing very successful medium for the innovation companies and patents owners, enabling them to avail the patent search services at a fixed price, with the pool of efficient researchers.

Past few months, I have done half a dozen patent studies on these crowd sourcing platforms. Though all of my studies were ranked above 80%, but efforts went waste, because hundreds of hours hard work effort went off with no monetary benefits, like a lottery ticket. 

Though it is a very good experience to work on such studies, I feel that the transparency system of such platforms are questionable. Hence, I thought of sharing my personal experience via this post. 

Well, working on a technical subject is always an interest to me, but quite naturally, it is a very stressful job, mainly due to the long hours before the computer monitor, which heats up the brain quickly.  A patent study, a patent reading of full text,  drawing reference and PDF doc view requires an hour to read 50+ patent documents. So, the list of 5000+ patents can take anywhere between 100+ hours , say about a week or 10 working days, depending on the subject and technical depth. Normally, a patent analyst charge varies from minimum 20 USD to maximum 100 USD per hour, proportionate to the subject and experience. It also differs by the type of search and intelligence analysis.


Though such crowd sourcing platform is a good model, free to participate policies attracts many efficient patent professionals, It may be one sided opportunity for the analysts and  a great opportunity for the patent owners, who use these platforms in brining out more participants and closing  the patent study with efficient results.

However, level of transparency followed by these crowd sourcing companies is questionable? Virtually, killing thousands of hours of intellectual brains & resource hours. Yes, it may be a lucky draw for the winning contestant, but other 100+ participants may end up with nothing, may be the study results could be having just 1% difference to the winner. Yes, even if it such model and concept, there shall be some remedies for searchers in not wasting duplicate time.

So my question here is that…. is there a lack of transparency in the number of submissions, the report of winning studies and the legitimacy of actual winners?


Platform allows to submit duplicate patents

As the contest or a project study of patent is announced, many searchers starts submitting the relevant patents, while they submit the patents, there is a possibility that many other researchers may submit the same patent, as all many users would be using the same of the kind of database sources & tools.

When submission is being done, the platform should allow or restrict or even to publish the list of patents already submitted as and when submitted, to inform the other searchers, about already submitted patents.  So, such information can save thousands of hours of the searchers, the time management and efficiency can be utilized on other patent studies.


Platform does not disclose the winning studies

Same like, when the contest winner is announced, it would be a transparent model, if the winning patent is disclosed to the other participants, also legitimacy of patent winners, real photograph and real profile. These factors, gives me a second thought in spending valuable hours as lucky draw.

Other side, studies listed on those platforms becomes open to public, can also result in breaking of IP secrecy, as well publicize  the motives of the study and the trend, at the cost of the searchers!!!. 

Southern states are going the king in deciding the lok sabha elections 2014

The political system in India is getting to an unpredictable attitudes; one cannot be sure of which leader would jump when to which political party and which party is going to alliance with whom. What would be their terms and contract before and after the elections.

Buying MLA’s and MP’S has become a ignorance of the political system, ultimately fooling the public/voters. Candidate contest elections with a X party, they propaganda the policy and agendas of the X party, while so contesting. But, after they win they simply change the party to Y, virtually cheating the voters. This kind of political system needs a serious review.

Electoral reform in India needs a serious review, firstly, on the pre-alliance and post alliance of parties, restrict the parties in changing the side after elections, Secondly, do not allow the won candidate to change the party after the election, finally to streamline the political party system to a two party based national political system specially for parliament elections. This would bring in the real revolution of public administration and improvement of the country.

Coming to the prediction of lok sabha 2014 elections, my heart goes with the BJP and Narendra Modi for the Prime minister candidate, however, like the last lok sabha election 2009, the over confident BJP, who missed the race by missing out the mathematics. Congress was very clever and they hit the right at the bottom of the real voters by alliance with political parties very calculative. Congress did a good mathematics for the 2nd consecutive time.

Loka sabha elections 2014 though look very favorable to BJP, the state political parties will play a major role in forming the government. Specially, the southern states Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Tamilnadu and Kerala regional political parties will play a major role in deciding and forming the next government. Unless BJP puts ground effort in educating every voter to vote for the national political party BJP, the time will be tough.

Now, the country should vote for a single party majority, in order to expect the real powers of legislatures and prime minister, unlike the handicapped NDA and UPA alliances, who can never take independent decisions.

Though the probable wining parties of southern states are in the mood of supporting BJP’s PM candidate Modi, the pre & post election alliance will be the sole deciding factor in forming the  next government and the prime minister.